Publication Ethics

For Authors

Reporting Standards:

The authors must present an accurate report and an objective discussion of the results of the research conducted. The data presented must also be accurately described. Articles / writings must contain sufficient and adequate references. False or intentionally inaccurate reports are unethical and cannot be accepted.


Data Access and Retention:

The authors are requested to keep the raw data in correlation with the research findings. If requested, the authors must be able to give access to the data both to the editor and the public for validation and other academic matters. Saving the data by the authors is carried out for a reasonable period of time after publication.


Multiple Publications:

Authors must not intentionally submit the same article to more than one journal publisher simultaneously. Otherwise, such conduct is unacceptable and unethical.


Acknowledgment of Sources:

Acknowledgment or recognition of works by others should be provided accordingly. In this case, the authors must quote every publication that contributes to the article that will be published.



The names of the authors, if more than one, have to be limited to those who contribute a substantial work to the research. Those who have contributed significantly must be registered as co-authors. The main author must ensure that the contributors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript for publication.


Disclosure and conflict of interest:

Every author must declare any financial or substantial conflicts of interest which might be perceived to alter the interpretation or results of the research. If necessary, all financial sources/supports in the research must be disclosed.


Fundamental errors:

When the authors find a substantial error in their own published article, they are obliged to immediately notify and work with the editor to withdraw or correct the article.


For editors

Fair play:

The editor is in charge of evaluating the contents of the text that has been submitted without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnicity, citizenship, or political affiliation of the authors.



Editors will not expose any information about the manuscript submitted to anyone other than the authors concerned, reviewer, editor's advisers, and other parties related to publishing.


Disclosure and Conflict of Interest:

Unpublished manuscripts must not be used by the editor for any purpose without the authors’ consent.


Decision of Publication:

The editorial board has responsibility to decide which submitted articles are proper for publication. The editor must validate the manuscripts to ensure there is no defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editors can discuss this decision internally.


Manuscript Review:

The editor has to make sure the originality of each submitted article. The editor must arrange and use peer review fairly and wisely, taking into account adequate expertise and avoiding conflicts of interest. In addition, the editor must provide information about the peer review process to the authors.